Publication: Monograph: Gao 2005, on Sino-Finnic
(95%) and Sino-Germanic (5%).
Gao, Jingyi(高晶一) 2005: Comparison of Swadesh 100 Words in
Finnic, Hungarian, Sinic and Tibetan: Introduction to
Finno-Sinic Languages, Tallinn: Estonian Language
Foundation. [ISBN 9985-79-135-5]
Main text written in English. A brief conclusion
Full DOM method plus lexicostatistics method. Etymological units in DOM Chinese with
Selected phonetic data within DOM: Dialect points of
Beijing and Shenyang (Mandarin) in author's own
transcription. Document point of 1161 (Middle Chinese)
in author's own transcription system with a mapping
chart. Fusion of document points of 601~1161 (Middle
Chinese) in Chinese records.
Primary DOM target languages: Estonian, Finnish,
Hungarian and Tibetan. Secondary target languages:
Swedish, Danish. Occasionally referred target languages:
Russian, Burmese (depends on references). European
languages in orthographies, Tibetan in transcription
with a mapping chart. P-FW, P-FP, P-FU, P-U according to UEW.
Results of common etymological units: | Chinese ∩
Estonian | = 87; | Chinese ∩
Finnish | = 88; | Chinese ∩
Hungarian | = 39; | Chinese ∩
Tibetan | = 60.
Positions on definitions: Chinese and Uralic languages
had common grounds in western China or Central Asia in
the past. Chinese and Proto-Germanic had prehistoric
contacts in western China or Central Asia in the past. Finno-Sinic, Indo-European and some other languages had common grounds in the further
Author's updates since this publication:
DOM errors corrected in Gao 2008.
Definitions slightly changed in Gao 2008.
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